Pest and Disease Risk Identification and Management
Rice farmers lose an average of 37% of their rice crop to pests and diseases every year. Pesticides are used to control these threats but when misused, these can pose greater peril to human health and the environment.
Identifying and mapping the risk factors for pest outbreaks is useful in better targeting programs that can help reduce yield losses, minimize unnecessary spraying of pesticides, optimize pest control strategies and lessen environmental and health hazards.
In this project, a national pest surveillance system was developed and DA-Regional Field Offices together with local government units regularly monitor occurrence of all major pests in over 2,000 rice fields throughout the country. In addition, five pests which cause major crop losses in the country are further studied. These are the blast (leaf and neck blast), bacterial leaf blight (BLB), rice tungro disease/green leafhopper (GLH), brown planthopper (BPH), and rats.
PRIME identifies the risk factors of pest outbreaks, maps potential outbreak risks, and formulates integrated pest management (IPM) strategies using field-based pest surveillance, information derived from satellite images, and pest risk modeling. In addition, the capacity of project partners on remote sensing, and pest risk mapping and analysis are enhanced.
CROP HEALTH SURVEILLANCE
PRIME staff trained partners on the standard protocol for pest surveillance, and pest risk analysis, mapping and mitigation.
PRIME is envisioned to be institutionalized within the DA through BPI which has the mandate on pest surveillance and monitoring in the country.